"When leaders in various fields ask me for advice, my response is always the same: dialogue, dialogue, dialogue. It is the only way for individuals, families and societies to grow, the only way for the life of peoples to progress, along with the culture of encounter, a culture in which all have something good to give and all can receive something good in return. Others always have something to give me, if we know how to approach them in a spirit of openness and without prejudice. I call this attitude of openness and availability without prejudice, social humility, and it is this that favours dialogue. Only in this way can understanding grow between cultures and religions, mutual esteem without needless preconceptions, respectful of the rights of everyone. Today, either we stand together with the culture of dialogue and encounter, or we all lose, we all lose; from here we can take the right road that makes the journey fruitful and secure." (Pope Francis, Address to leading members of Brazilian society, Saturday July 27 2013, reported online by Official Vatican Network.)

Gospel for the Thirtieth Sunday in Ordinary Time (28 October 2018)

Gospel Notes by Michael Whelan SM

They came to Jericho. As he and his disciples and a large crowd were leaving Jericho, Bartimaeus son of Timaeus, a blind beggar, was sitting by the roadside. When he heard that it was Jesus of Nazareth, he began to shout out and say, “Jesus, Son of David, have mercy on me!” Many sternly ordered him to be quiet, but he cried out even more loudly, “Son of David, have mercy on me!” Jesus stood still and said, “Call him here.” And they called the blind man, saying to him, “Take heart; get up, he is calling you.” So throwing off his cloak, he sprang up and came to Jesus. Then Jesus said to him, “What do you want me to do for you?” The blind man said to him, “My teacher, let me see again.” Jesus said to him, “Go; your faith has made you well.” Immediately he regained his sight and followed him on the way. (Mark 10:46-52 – NRSV)

Introductory notes

General

Matthew 20:29-34 and Luke 18:35-43 report a similar event. Both Matthew and Luke omit the name of the beggar. They also omit the detail of the beggar throwing off his garment.

The journey continues towards Jerusalem. They come to Jericho: “Located fifteen miles northeast of Jerusalem, five miles west of the Jordan River, and six miles north of the Dead Sea, Jericho is a kind of oasis in the midst of some rough terrain. The city had something of a revival under Herod the Great, who built a winter palace in the area” (J R Donahue, & D J Harrington, The Gospel of Mark, Collegeville, MN: The Liturgical Press, 2002, 317).

After a brief introduction to his Gospel – 1:1-6 – Mark describes Jesus’ ministry in Galilee – 1:14-7:23. Then, as Jesus continues his journey to Jerusalem, Mark tells us of his ministry beyond Galilee – 7:24 – 10:52. In the description of the latter, we have two healings of blind men – one near the beginning in 8:22-26 and one at the end, before the Jerusalem ministry begins, in 10:46-52.

In Mark 8:18 Jesus says to the disciples: “Do you have eyes, and fail to see?” “‘Remembering’, together with perceiving, understanding, seeing, and hearing, is an essential part of the process of enlightenment in which they have been so conspicuously unsuccessful” (R T France, The Gospel of Mark: a commentary on the Greek text, Grand Rapids, MI; Carlisle: W.B. Eerdmans; Paternoster Press, 2002, 317). We are reminded of Isaiah 6:9: “Go and say to this people: ‘Keep listening, but do not comprehend; keep looking, but do not understand.’ Make the mind of this people dull, and stop their ears, and shut their eyes, so that they may not look with their eyes, and listen with their ears, and comprehend with their minds, and turn and be healed” (Isaiah 6:9-10 – NRSV. See also to Jeremiah 5:21; Ezekiel 12:2; Psalm 115:5–6.)

“Jesus thus charges his disciples with being no better off than the ‘outsiders’ to whom that text has already been applied. Their privileged insight into the secret of the kingdom of God seems for now to have deserted them. There is, however, the saving addition of οὔπω in vv. 17 and 21, with the implication that their incomprehension, unlike that of the outsiders in chapter 4, is only temporary. The specific use of the metaphor of blindness prepares the way for the next pericope, where the healing of a blind man will be used to symbolise the enlightenment which the disciples so obviously need. Jesus’ attempt to provide that enlightenment, set over against the continued obtuseness of the disciples, will be a major theme of Act Two of Mark’s gospel, now about to begin. At the same time the metaphor of deafness recalls the recently narrated healing of the deaf man, a miracle which is in many ways closely parallel to that of the blind man at Bethsaida. The present pericope, with its focus on spiritual obtuseness, is thus framed between two literal miracles of perception” (R T French, op cit, 318).

Specific

a large crowd: “These may have been inhabitants of Jericho, or other pilgrims on the way to Jerusalem for Passover, or a combination of the two” (J R O’Donohue and D J Harrington, op cit, 317).

have mercy on me: The beggar does not ask for money but mercy. The beggar reminds us all that what is on offer in Jesus is not worldly goods.

What do you want me to do for you?: We have just heard Jesus ask this question of James and John – see Mark 10:35-36. How different the circumstances! The two disciples seek prestige and status, the beggar cries out for mercy and the ability to “see”. It is this ability to see that the disciples lack but do not yet recognize the need to ask for it.

Reflection

Like the people of Jesus’ time, we use the sense of seeing as a metaphor for comprehending something – “Ah, now I see what you are saying!” In today’s Gospel – Mark 10:46-52 – we hear the story of the blind man Bartimaeus. He asks Jesus to cure him of his blindness and help him to see. Unlike the earlier incident in which a blind man is cured – see Mark 8:22-26 – Jesus does not touch this man or speak any words of healing. He says to him what he said to the lady with the haemorrhage (Mark 5:34): “Your faith has healed/saved you”. In both cases, there is something much deeper than a merely physical cure happening here. Jesus connects with each of them at the level of faith. At that level anything is possible!

There is a very interesting contrast between Bartimaeus and the two disciples – James and John – whom we read about last Sunday – see Mark 10:35-45. The question Jesus asks of Bartimaeus when he begs for his sight, is: “What do you want me to do for you?” It is the same question he asks of James and John when they ask for power and status. However, Bartimaeus knows what he really wants – he wants to “see”. It is clear from the context in Mark, that the “seeing” sought by Bartimaeus and granted by Jesus is the “seeing” of faith. James and John need to be cured of their “blindness” too but they do not know that yet.

We can distinguish between what we “want” and what we would “like”. Bartimaeus “wants” to “see”. This is real. James and John would “like” status and power. This is unreal. It takes maturity and a good deal of purification to know what it is that we really “want” in life. What we “want” is in fact a given. It is written into our very beings. We want Truth and Goodness, we want Beauty and Love. We want God! That is how we are made. There is no escaping it.

It is a sad truth that many of us take far too long to discover what it is that we really “want”. As a consequence, we waste a lot of time, talent and effort on what we “like” believing that is what we actually “want”. Invariably, when we confuse the two, we absolutize something relative. This is a central dynamic in all addictive behaviours. And when we absolutize the relative, we relativize the Absolute.

This is not to suggest that what we “like” is irrelevant. It is just not absolute, and we “want” the Absolute – whether we are aware of it or not. What we “like” will always be a reminder of what it is we actually “want”. We will hear that if we listen carefully to what is happening within us. It is heresy to say the delights of this world are bad. In a normal, healthy life, we enjoy many delights and we move on. Slowly we learn to see.