"The fundamental polarity of human life between what is and what ought to be, between lack and fulfillment, between determination and freedom, is not abnormal; it is the norm. Every person is exposed to it because of the inescapable structure of human formation." (Adrian van Kaam, The Transcendent Self, Dimension Books, 1979, 172.)

Bergoglio’s red hat marked the start of the Francis era

JJorge Mario Bergoglio

Sixteen years ago today, an ailing Pope John Paul II created a record number of cardinals in the consistory of February 2001. Among them were a record number of Latin-Americans, many of whom play key roles in the current pontificate. This is the hour of the 'Class of 2001.'
Historians love to pinpoint moments that in retrospect come to be defined as turning points - thresholds beyond which history begins to look different, when one era slides into another.
Sixteen years ago today was one of those threshold moments in the life of the Catholic Church, when the archbishop of Buenos Aires, Jorge Mario Bergoglio, was made a cardinal by St. John Paul II. Read more ...