"Life is not so much beginnings and endings as it is middles, middles that don't measure up -- and our happiness depends on how we come to terms with the pale reflections of our dreams. (Paul D. Zimmerman, "Middles and Muddles," review of film "Sunday Bloody Sunday," Newsweek, September 27, 1971, 106)

Was Luther an anti-Semite?

JLuther Statue

Commemorations of the 500th anniversary of the Protestant Reformation have revived a controversy over anti-semitic writings by Martin Luther. "La Croix" talks to an expert on the issue. Pierre-Olivier Léchot, dean of the Protestant Theology Faculty in Paris, a historian of Christianity in the modern era, unravels a polemic over the vehemently anti-Jewish texts written by Luther, which has resurfaced during the 500th anniversary of the Reformation.

La Croix: Over the last few weeks, we have witnessed a revival of the polemic over Luther’s alleged “anti-semitism” based on the image of a sow, representing Judaism, on bas-reliefs on a church in Wittenberg. Read more